Lachenalia framesii W.F.Barker
Common names: viooltjie (Afrikaans)
Lachenalia framesii has beautiful yellow-green flowers and is found in flat, sandy areas in Namaqualand.
Lachenalia framesii is a small, perennial geophyte, up to 150 mm high, which produces one or two green leaves, 75 - 100 mm long. The upper leaf surface is smooth and without any purple markings. The leaf can be channelled and the margins are usually, but not always, undulated. The peduncle is slender and carries sessile lime green flowers with protruding, magenta inner segments (see L. valeriae). The stamens are shorter than the perianth and the seeds are small, matt and black. The plants usually flower between July and August.
Distribution and habitat
Lachenalia framesii is endemic to the Northern and Western Cape and is only found in the Succulent Karoo Biome. It occurs in large colonies in gravelly sand and its distribution range stretches from Komaggas in the north to Vanrhynsdorp in the south. It is often associated with quartz patches on coastal plains.
Derivation of name and historical aspects
The genus Lachenalia was named after Werner de Lachnenal, a professor from Basel, Switzerland. The species framesii was named after Mr P. Ross-Frames, a collector of succulent plants who re-discovered this species in 1928, about 32 km north of Vanrhynsdorp.
Growing Lachenalia framesii
Almost all Lachenalia species can be successfully grown in containers and some species can even be planted in gardens.
Lachenalia framesii is floriferous and one of the best species to cultivate in containers. Lachenalias in general are frost-sensitive and prefer sunny, airy spots and excellent drainage (preferably sand). Plant the bulbs in autumn (March to April) and water well once every fortnight. At the end of spring, the yellowing of the leaves will indicate the beginning of the dormant period and watering should be withheld completely. Containers should now be stored in a cool, dry place till the next autumn. Lachenalias can be grown from seed as they germinate readily, and also from leaf cuttings. No special feeding is necessary.
- Barker, W. 1931. Lachenalia undulata. Flowering Plants of South Africa. Vol. XI: t. 431.
- Duncan, G.D. 1988. The Lachenalia Handbook. Annals of Kirstenbosch Botanic Gardens. Vol. 17: 15 - 28.
- Leistner, O.A. (ed.). 2000. Seeds plants of southern Africa : families and genera. Strelitzia 10. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
- Smith, C.A. 1966. Common names of South African plants. Memoirs of the Botanical Survey of South Africa No. 35.
Pretoria National Herbarium
Plant Type: Bulb
SA Distribution: Northern Cape, Western Cape
Soil type: Sandy
Flowering season: Spring
PH: Acid, Neutral
Flower colour: Yellow, Mauve/Lilac
Aspect: Full Sun
Gardening skill: Average