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Encephalartos natalensis

Encephalartos natalensis: a "living fossil”
Common names: Natal cycad (Eng.); natalbroodboom (Afr.); isigqikisomkhovu, umhlungulo (Zulu); umguza, umphanga (Xhosa)
Family: Zamiaceae

... M. S. Mothogoane National Herbarium, Pretoria October 2011 Encephalartos natalensis is an evergreen quick-growing cycad, ... which are about 25-35 mm long and 12-18 mm in diameter. Encephalartos natalensis is endemic to South Africa, ... regularly. The altitude is about 1200 m above sea level. Encephalartos natalensis is not threatened by fire in its ...

24 / 10 / 2011 | M.S. Mothogoane | National Herbarium Pretoria
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Encephalartos laevifolius

Encephalartos laevifolius
Common names: Kaapsehoop cycad (Eng.); Kaapsehoop-broodboom (Afr.); mayiphuku (Siswati)
Family: Zamiaceae

... Sepheka K.W. Pretoria National Herbarium August 2012     Encephalartos laevifolius has tall stems, often reaching 3 to ... environment in which they are likely to germinate. Encephalartos Encephalartos laevifolius  grows relatively slowly and ...

13 / 08 / 2012 | K w Sepheka | National Herbarium Pretoria
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Encephalartos middelburgensis

E.middelburgensis in habitat
Common names: Middelburg cycad (Eng.)
Family: Zamiaceae

... Khutso Sepheka Pretoria National Herbarium July 2013     Encephalartos middelburgensis is a large cycad, with an ... obscured largely by the cataphylls of the stem. Cones of  Encephalartos middelburgensis  do not disintegrate ... grows well in full sunlight and is frost-hardy. Encephalartos species are pollinated by insects and wind in ...

22 / 07 / 2013 | K w Sepheka | National Herbarium Pretoria
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Encephalartos umbeluziensis

Cones
Common names: Umbeluzi cycad (Eng.); Umbeluzi broodboom (Afr.)

... Herbarium August 2013 Updated March 2019         Encephalartos umbeluziensis is a small cycad with a ... species in that their surface is covered with small knobs. Encephalartos umbeluziensis is often confused with E. ... grower. It grows best in light shade and is frost hardy. Encephalartos species are pollinated by insects in the wild, ...

19 / 08 / 2013 | K w Sepheka | National Herbarium Pretoria
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Encephalartos eugene-maraisii

Encephalartos eugene-maraisii
Common names: Waterberg cycad (Eng.); bergpalm, waterberg-broodboom (Afr.); mofaka (Sepedi)
Family: Zamiaceae

... K.W. Sepheka National Herbarium, Pretoria July 2014     Encephalartos eugene-maraisii has a medium-sized to large ... long and 160-200mm in diameter. The female cones of Encephalartos eugene-maraisii do not disintegrate ... are light brown, 35-44mm long and 23-30mm in diameter . Encephalartos eugene-maraisii is closely related to several ...

28 / 07 / 2014 | K w Sepheka | Pretoria NBG
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Encephalartos cupidus

Plant growing in garden
Common names: Blyde River cycad
Family: Zamiaceae

... K.W. Sepheka Pretoria National herbarium January 2015 Encephalartos cupidus is a dwarf cycad with a subterranean ... to break off during May–July to produce about 120 seeds. Encephalartos cupidus occurs within a restricted area of the ... plant is a frost-hardy and drought-tolerant. Species of Encephalartos are pollinated by insects and wind in the wild, ...

05 / 01 / 2015 | K w Sepheka | National Herbarium Pretoria
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Encephalartos latifrons

Encephalartos latifrons
Common names: Albany cycad (Eng.), Albany-broodboom (Afr.)
Family: Zamiaceae

... Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden January 2016   Encephalartos latifrons develops stems up to 3 m in height ... length with the top half curved or entirely curled back. Encephalartos is a dioecious plant which means that the male ... leaves, which illustrates how slowly this species grows. Encephalartos latifrons occurs in scattered groups in the ...

11 / 01 / 2016 | John Winter | Kirstenbosch NBG
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Encephalartos msinganus

Encephalartos msinganus
Common names: Msinga cycad (Eng.); msinga-broodboom (Afr.)
Family: Zamiaceae

... images by Willem Froneman, Lowveld NBG.   Encephalartos msinganus has an aerially unbranched stem, up ... to allow the insects to enter and to pollinate the cone. Encephalartos This plant grows best in light shade or full ... with deep, well-drained soil and is watered frequently. Encephalartos msinganus is propagated by seed and suckers. ...

15 / 07 / 2019 | Lungisani Zondi | Walter Sisulu NBG
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Encephalartos aemulans

Encephalartos aemulans
Common names: Ngotshe cycad (Eng.); ngotshe-broodboom (Afr.)
Family: Zamiaceae

... Acknowledgements : images by Willem Froneman, Lowveld NBG. Encephalartos aemulans is a medium-sized cycad. The stem is ... to allow the insects to enter and to pollinate the cone. Encephalartos This cycad grows best in semi-shade or full ... frost and is a fast grower when planted in sandy soil. Encephalartos aemulans  is propagated by seed and suckers. ...

16 / 09 / 2019 | Lungisani Zondi | Walter Sisulu NBG
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Encephalartos ghellinckii

Encephalartos ghellinckii
Common names: Drakensberg cycad (Eng.); drakensbergbroodboom (Afr.); isidawu (Zul.); umguza (Xho.)
Family: Zamiaceae

... Young plants of this cycad may be confused with Encephalartos cycadifolius , the latter occurs in the Eastern ... summer and very cold with severe frost and snow in winter. Encephalartos ghellinckii occurs in grassland and grassfires ... to allow the insects to enter and to pollinate the cone. Encephalartos Encephalartos ghellinckii is one of the slowest ...

09 / 03 / 2020 | Lungisani Zondi | Walter Sisulu NBG
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Encephalartos nubimontanus

Encephalartos nubimontanus
Common names: blue cycad, cloud mountain cycad (Eng.); bloubroodboom (Afr.), isigciki-somkhovu (isiZulu); gebeleweni (siSwati)
Family: Zamiaceae

... Ngwenya Lowveld National Botanical Garden August 2020 Encephalartos nubimontanus is a very attractive, ... fleshy covering when ripe.  This species is similar to Encephalartos cupidus (Blyde River Cycad), but they differ in ... plant, up to 1 m tall, and has a subterranean stem. Encephalartos nubimontanus used to grow on cliff faces in ...

17 / 08 / 2020 | Winfred Velephi Ngwenya | Lowveld NBG
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Encephalartos ngoyanus

Encephalartos ngoyanus
Common names: Ngoye dwarf cycad (Eng.)
Family: Zamiaceae

... are bright red and 29 mm long, 18–20 mm in diameter. Encephalartos ngoyanus occurs naturally in northern ... habitat receives a rainfall of 750–1 000 mm per annum. Encephalartos ngoyanus occurs in grassland and grass fires ... to allow the insects to enter and to pollinate the cone. Encephalartos Encephalartos ngoyanus grows best in dappled ...

08 / 03 / 2021 | Lungisani Zondi | Walter Sisulu NBG
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Encephalartos heenanii

Encephalartos heenanii growing in habitat. Photo Mpumalanga Tourism and Parks Agency Threatened Plants Project
Common names: woolly cycad (Eng.), wollerige broodboom (Afr.)
Family: Zamiaceae

... author thanks Winfred Ngwenya and H.F. Glen for images of Encephalartos heenanii growing in the Lowveld National ... and Parks Agency Threatened Plants Project for images of Encephalartos heenanii growing in habitat.   Encephalartos heenanii has an unbranched, erect, single ...

03 / 01 / 2022 | Lungisani Zondi | Walter Sisulu NBG
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Encephalartos dyerianus

Encephalartos dyerianus
Common names: Lillie’s Cycad, Lowveld Cycad (Eng.); Broodboom, Lillie-se-broodboom, Lillie-broodboom (Afr.)
Family: Zamiaceae

... to allow the insects to enter and to pollinate the cone . Encephalartos Encephalartos dyerianus grows best in full sun but also ... the wounds to form a callus, before potting. The genus Encephalartos was described by the German botanist Johann ...

12 / 09 / 2022 | Lungisani Zondi | Walter Sisulu NBG
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Encephalartos hirsutus

Encephalartos hirsutus
Common names: Venda cycad (Eng.); Venda-broodboom (Afr.)
Family: Zamiaceae

... Mnisi Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden June 2023 Encephalartos hirsutus has an aerial, unbranched stem, up to ... and receive an annual rainfall of 350-650 mm in summer. Encephalartos transvenous is the other cycad occurring ... were raised based on the following points: species such as Encephalartos cycadifolius , E. ghellinckii , E. heenanii , ...

12 / 06 / 2023 | Lungisani Zondi | Walter Sisulu NBG
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Encephalartos dolomiticus

Encephalartos dolomiticus
Common names: Wolkberg cycad (Eng.); Wolkberg-broodboom (Afr.)
Family: Zamiaceae

... of the plants in the Lowveld National Botanical Garden. Encephalartos dolomiticus is a small to medium-sized cycad, ... were raised based on the following points: species such as Encephalartos cycadifolius , E. ghellinckii , E. heenanii , ... birds, rodents, small mammals and fruit-eating bats. Encephalartos Encephalartos dolomiticus thrives in full ...

04 / 12 / 2023 | Lungisani Zondi | Walter Sisulu NBG
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