Aloe cooperi Baker
Common names: Cooper's Aloe (Eng.); isiPutumane, isiPhukutwane (isiZulu)
Aloe cooperi is a southern African grassland aloe.
Aloe cooperi grows singly or in small groups from offshoots at ground level. Plants may be stemless or short stemmed up to 15 cm high. The leaves are often yellowish green with the upper surface usually unspotted, though occasionally they have a few white spots lower down. The inflorescence is simple and bold. The flowers of Aloe cooperi vary in colour from greenish-cream to apricot and salmon pink.
Flowering occurs from December near the coast and January or February inland.
Aloe cooperi subsp cooperi is not threatened but the conservation status of Aloe cooperi subsp pulchra is insufficiently known.
Distribution and habitat
It occurs in moist habitats and in dry rocky areas, mainly in Natal, Swaziland and Mpumalanga.
Derivation of name and historical aspects
It was discovered by Burchell in his early travels in South Africa and was rediscovered by Thomas Cooper, after whom it was named.
Young shoots and flowers are cooked and eaten as vegetables by the Zulu people. The Zulu people also believe that the smoke from burning leaves of Aloe cooperi in the cattle kraal will protect the cattle from the ill effects of eating improper food. Cooper's aloe also attracts nectar feeding birds such as sunbirds and makes a striking addition to a flower bed.
Growing Aloe cooperi
Aloe cooperi grows well in cultivation. In warm areas the leaves remain evergreen but in cold climates they die back in winter and for this reason it is also regarded as a good waterwise garden plant as it needs no watering in winter.
Propagate Aloe cooperi from seed sown in a seedling growth media mixture of sifted potting soil and river sand (1:1). Treat the seed mixture with fungicides to prevent damping-off which is a common problem when growing aloes from seed. Seedlings should be planted in small pots using sandy well drained soil.
Thompson T Mutshinyalo
Walter Sisulu National Botanical Garden
Plant Type: Succulent
SA Distribution: KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga
Soil type: Sandy
Flowering season: Late Summer
Flower colour: Pink, Cream, Yellow
Aspect: Full Sun
Gardening skill: Easy