Peltophorum africanum Sond.
Common names: Weeping Wattle, African Black Wattle, African Blackwood, African Wattle (E), Boerboon, Boerboontjie, Dopperkehatenhout, Dopperkiaat, Kajatenhout, Rooikiaat, Witkiaat, Huilboerboom, Huilboom, Huilwattel, Wildewattel (A), Isikhabamkhombe, Umsehle, Umthobo (Z), Mosehla, Mosêhla, Mosese, Motlêpê (NS), Mosêtlha (TW), Musese (V), Ndzedze (TS)
SA Tree No: 215
A semi-deciduous tree with acacia-like foliage and showy yellow flowers, it's also an excellent tree for bee-keepers.
Semi-deciduous to deciduous trees of about 15 m with aspreading, untidy canopy. In oldertrees the bark is grooved and grey-brown; bark of young branches is smooth and grey. The leaves are acacia-like and silver-grey coveredwith fine hair; mature leaves yellowish at tip of branches. The leaves are twice compound with a pair of leaflets at the tip; alternate; up to nine pairs of pinnae each with 10-20 pairs of leaflets; leaf, stalkand rachis covered with reddish brown hairs. The trees have no thorns.
Flowers form upright, showy sprays (150 mm long) of bright yellow flowers with crinkled petals on the ends of branches; the stalk covered with reddish brown hairs. These are followed by clusters of thin, flat dark brown/black pods of about 100 mm, tapering to both ends.
Peltophorum africanum is not threatened.
Distribution and habitat
Widespread in tropical and southern Africa, in South Africa widespread in the northern provinces and northern KwaZulu-Natal.
This tree has many uses. Young leaves and pods are eaten by livestock. Flowers provide a high yield of nectar and pollen for bee-keeping. The timber can be used for furniture. The wood is good good for fuel. It makes a good shade tree for both livestock and humans. There are also various medicinal uses recorded. Roots are used to heal wounds, toothache and throat sores; root, leaves and bark used to clear intestinal parasites and relieve stomach problems; bark relieves colic; stem and root used for diarrhoea and dysentery. It is also used to treat eyes.
Growing Peltophorum africanum
To propagate Peltophorun africanum place fresh seed in hot water and leave overnight. Sow in a 5:1 mix of river sandand compost. The trees are fast growing and drought resistant, but they are frost tender for the first three years. They grow best in well drained soil.
Plant Type: Tree
SA Distribution: Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, North West
Soil type: Sandy, Loam
Flowering season: Early Summer
PH: Acid, Neutral
Flower colour: Yellow
Aspect: Full Sun
Gardening skill: Easy